以下代码完整转载自:PHP急先锋 的博客 https://www.cnblogs.com/xuzhengzong/p/7908285.html

<?php
//获取单个汉字拼音首字母。注意:此处不要纠结。汉字拼音是没有以U和V开头的
function getfirstchar($s0){
$fchar = ord($s0{0});
if($fchar >= ord("A") and $fchar <= ord("z") )return strtoupper($s0{0});
$s1 = iconv("UTF-8","gb2312", $s0);
$s2 = iconv("gb2312","UTF-8", $s1);
if($s2 == $s0){$s = $s1;}else{$s = $s0;}
$asc = ord($s{0}) * 256 + ord($s{1}) - 65536;
if($asc >= -20319 and $asc <= -20284) return "A";
if($asc >= -20283 and $asc <= -19776) return "B";
if($asc >= -19775 and $asc <= -19219) return "C";
if($asc >= -19218 and $asc <= -18711) return "D";
if($asc >= -18710 and $asc <= -18527) return "E";
if($asc >= -18526 and $asc <= -18240) return "F";
if($asc >= -18239 and $asc <= -17923) return "G";
if($asc >= -17922 and $asc <= -17418) return "H";
if($asc >= -17922 and $asc <= -17418) return "I";
if($asc >= -17417 and $asc <= -16475) return "J";
if($asc >= -16474 and $asc <= -16213) return "K";
if($asc >= -16212 and $asc <= -15641) return "L";
if($asc >= -15640 and $asc <= -15166) return "M";
if($asc >= -15165 and $asc <= -14923) return "N";
if($asc >= -14922 and $asc <= -14915) return "O";
if($asc >= -14914 and $asc <= -14631) return "P";
if($asc >= -14630 and $asc <= -14150) return "Q";
if($asc >= -14149 and $asc <= -14091) return "R";
if($asc >= -14090 and $asc <= -13319) return "S";
if($asc >= -13318 and $asc <= -12839) return "T";
if($asc >= -12838 and $asc <= -12557) return "W";
if($asc >= -12556 and $asc <= -11848) return "X";
if($asc >= -11847 and $asc <= -11056) return "Y";
if($asc >= -11055 and $asc <= -10247) return "Z";
return NULL;
//return $s0;
}
function pinyin_long($zh){ //获取整条字符串所有汉字拼音首字母
$ret = "";
$s1 = iconv("UTF-8","gb2312", $zh);
$s2 = iconv("gb2312","UTF-8", $s1);
if($s2 == $zh){$zh = $s1;}
for($i = 0; $i < strlen($zh); $i++){
$s1 = substr($zh,$i,1);
$p = ord($s1);
if($p > 160){
$s2 = substr($zh,$i++,2);
$ret .= getfirstchar($s2);
}else{
$ret .= $s1;
}
}
return $ret;
}
echo pinyin_long('*《,@#$123HAHadf一年后而已');echo "<br>";//console(*@#$123HAHadfYNHEY)
function pinyin_long2($zh){ //获取整条字符串(非纯汉字链)首个汉字拼音首字母
$ret = "";
$s1 = iconv("UTF-8","gb2312", $zh);
$s2 = iconv("gb2312","UTF-8", $s1);
if($s2 == $zh){$zh = $s1;}
for($i = 0; $i < strlen($zh); $i++){
$s1 = substr($zh,$i,1);
$p = ord($s1);
if($p > 160){
$s2 = substr($zh,$i++,2);
$ret = getfirstchar($s2);
}else{
$ret = $s1;
}
}
return $ret;
}
echo pinyin_long2('*《,@#$123HAHadf一年后而已');//console(Y)
?>

里面可以调优的地方:gb2312可以换成GBK。

Related Posts: PHP取汉字首字母 :

avatar