以下内容完整转自:http://lizhenliang.blog.51cto.com/7876557/1687612
原文作者:李振良

linux服务器敲命令反应慢,网站访问慢,到底什么情况?根据本人的经验,主要原因可能是系统资源到达瓶颈,已经无法处理更多请求。在有监控系统情况下,可以直接通过WEB页面可视化看出是CPU瓶颈?硬盘瓶颈?还是网络瓶颈?如果公司服务器较少或者云服务器,就有可能没有一套监控系统,这时就要登陆到服务器,一条一条的敲命令,查找分析性能瓶颈。命令这么多,咋记得住啊!就算记得住,输入也费劲,于是就有了这个脚本,为了以后自己使用,另外也想分享给博友,学shell朋友能从中得到一丢丢启发。写的比较仓促,内容有点粗略,还望君见谅!

脚本目的:分析系统资源性能瓶颈

脚本功能:

1、查看CPU利用率与负载(top、vmstat、sar)

2、查看磁盘、Inode利用率与I/O负载(df、iostat、iotop、sar、dstat)

3、查看内存利用率(free、vmstat)

4、查看TCP连接状态(netstat、ss)

5、查看CPU与内存占用最高的10个进程(top、ps)

6、查看网络流量(ifconfig、iftop、iptraf)

脚本说明:通过一些常用的性能分析工具,计算出我们想知道的信息。

脚本如下:

# cat show_sys_info.sh

#!/bin/bash
#
os_check() {
if [ -e /etc/redhat-release ]; then
REDHAT=`cat /etc/redhat-release |cut -d' ' -f1`
else
DEBIAN=`cat /etc/issue |cut -d' ' -f1`
fi
if [ "$REDHAT" == "CentOS" -o "$REDHAT" == "Red" ]; then
P_M=yum
elif [ "$DEBIAN" == "Ubuntu" -o "$DEBIAN" == "ubutnu" ]; then
P_M=apt-get
else
Operating system does not support.
exit 1
fi
}
if [ $LOGNAME != root ]; then
echo "Please use the root account operation."
exit 1
fi
if ! which vmstat &>/dev/null; then
echo "vmstat command not found, now the install."
sleep 1
os_check
$P_M install procps -y
echo "-----------------------------------------------------------------------"
fi
if ! which iostat &>/dev/null; then
echo "iostat command not found, now the install."
sleep 1
os_check
$P_M install sysstat -y
echo "-----------------------------------------------------------------------"
fi

while true; do
select input in cpu_load disk_load disk_use disk_inode mem_use tcp_status cpu_top10 mem_top10 traffic quit; do
case $input in
cpu_load)
#CPU利用率与负载
echo "---------------------------------------"
i=1
while [[ $i -le 3 ]]; do
echo -e "33[32m 参考值${i}33[0m"
UTIL=`vmstat |awk '{if(NR==3)print 100-$15"%"}'`
USER=`vmstat |awk '{if(NR==3)print $13"%"}'`
SYS=`vmstat |awk '{if(NR==3)print $14"%"}'`
IOWAIT=`vmstat |awk '{if(NR==3)print $16"%"}'`
echo "Util: $UTIL"
echo "User use: $USER"
echo "System use: $SYS"
echo "I/O wait: $IOWAIT"
i=$(($i+1))
sleep 1
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
disk_load)
#硬盘I/O负载
echo "---------------------------------------"
i=1
while [[ $i -le 3 ]]; do
echo -e "33[32m 参考值${i}33[0m"
UTIL=`iostat -x -k |awk '/^[v|s]/{OFS=": ";print $1,$NF"%"}'`
READ=`iostat -x -k |awk '/^[v|s]/{OFS=": ";print $1,$6"KB"}'`
WRITE=`iostat -x -k |awk '/^[v|s]/{OFS=": ";print $1,$7"KB"}'`
IOWAIT=`vmstat |awk '{if(NR==3)print $16"%"}'`
echo -e "Util:"
echo -e "${UTIL}"
echo -e "I/O Wait: $IOWAIT"
echo -e "Read/s:n$READ"
echo -e "Write/s:n$WRITE"
i=$(($i+1))
sleep 1
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
disk_use)
#硬盘利用率
DISK_LOG=/tmp/disk_use.tmp
DISK_TOTAL=`fdisk -l |awk '/^Disk.*bytes/&&//dev/{printf $2" ";printf "%d",$3;print "GB"}'`
USE_RATE=`df -h |awk '/^/dev/{print int($5)}'`
for i in $USE_RATE; do
if [ $i -gt 90 ];then
PART=`df -h |awk '{if(int($5)=='''$i''') print $6}'`
echo "$PART = ${i}%" >> $DISK_LOG
fi
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
echo -e "Disk total:n${DISK_TOTAL}"
if [ -f $DISK_LOG ]; then
echo "---------------------------------------"
cat $DISK_LOG
echo "---------------------------------------"
rm -f $DISK_LOG
else
echo "---------------------------------------"
echo "Disk use rate no than 90% of the partition."
echo "---------------------------------------"
fi
break
;;
disk_inode)
#硬盘inode利用率
INODE_LOG=/tmp/inode_use.tmp
INODE_USE=`df -i |awk '/^/dev/{print int($5)}'`
for i in $INODE_USE; do
if [ $i -gt 90 ]; then
PART=`df -h |awk '{if(int($5)=='''$i''') print $6}'`
echo "$PART = ${i}%" >> $INODE_LOG
fi
done
if [ -f $INODE_LOG ]; then
echo "---------------------------------------"
rm -f $INODE_LOG
else
echo "---------------------------------------"
echo "Inode use rate no than 90% of the partition."
echo "---------------------------------------"
fi
break
;;
mem_use)
#内存利用率
echo "---------------------------------------"
MEM_TOTAL=`free -m |awk '{if(NR==2)printf "%.1f",$2/1024}END{print "G"}'`
USE=`free -m |awk '{if(NR==3) printf "%.1f",$3/1024}END{print "G"}'`
FREE=`free -m |awk '{if(NR==3) printf "%.1f",$4/1024}END{print "G"}'`
CACHE=`free -m |awk '{if(NR==2) printf "%.1f",($6+$7)/1024}END{print "G"}'`
echo -e "Total: $MEM_TOTAL"
echo -e "Use: $USE"
echo -e "Free: $FREE"
echo -e "Cache: $CACHE"
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
tcp_status)
#网络连接状态
echo "---------------------------------------"
COUNT=`netstat -antp |awk '{status[$6]++}END{for(i in status) print i,status[i]}'`
echo -e "TCP connection status:n$COUNT"
echo "---------------------------------------"
;;
cpu_top10)
#占用CPU高的前10个进程
echo "---------------------------------------"
CPU_LOG=/tmp/cpu_top.tmp
i=1
while [[ $i -le 3 ]]; do
#ps aux |awk '{if($3>0.1)print "CPU: "$3"% -->",$11,$12,$13,$14,$15,$16,"(PID:"$2")" |"sort -k2 -nr |head -n 10"}' > $CPU_LOG
ps aux |awk '{if($3>0.1){{printf "PID: "$2" CPU: "$3"% --> "}for(i=11;i<=NF;i++)if(i==NF)printf $i"n";else printf $i}}' |sort -k4 -nr |head -10 > $CPU_LOG
#循环从11列(进程名)开始打印,如果i等于最后一行,就打印i的列并换行,否则就打印i的列
if [[ -n `cat $CPU_LOG` ]]; then
echo -e "33[32m 参考值${i}33[0m"
cat $CPU_LOG
> $CPU_LOG
else
echo "No process using the CPU."
break
fi
i=$(($i+1))
sleep 1
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
mem_top10)
#占用内存高的前10个进程
echo "---------------------------------------"
MEM_LOG=/tmp/mem_top.tmp
i=1
while [[ $i -le 3 ]]; do
#ps aux |awk '{if($4>0.1)print "Memory: "$4"% -->",$11,$12,$13,$14,$15,$16,"(PID:"$2")" |"sort -k2 -nr |head -n 10"}' > $MEM_LOG
ps aux |awk '{if($4>0.1){{printf "PID: "$2" Memory: "$3"% --> "}for(i=11;i<=NF;i++)if(i==NF)printf $i"n";else printf $i}}' |sort -k4 -nr |head -10 > $MEM_LOG
if [[ -n `cat $MEM_LOG` ]]; then
echo -e "33[32m 参考值${i}33[0m"
cat $MEM_LOG
> $MEM_LOG
else
echo "No process using the Memory."
break
fi
i=$(($i+1))
sleep 1
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
traffic)
#查看网络流量
while true; do
read -p "Please enter the network card name(eth[0-9] or em[0-9]): " eth
#if [[ $eth =~ ^eth[0-9]$ ]] || [[ $eth =~ ^em[0-9]$ ]] && [[ `ifconfig |grep -c "<$eth>"` -eq 1 ]]; then
if [ `ifconfig |grep -c "<$eth>"` -eq 1 ]; then
break
else
echo "Input format error or Don't have the card name, please input again."
fi
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
echo -e " In ------ Out"
i=1
while [[ $i -le 3 ]]; do
#OLD_IN=`ifconfig $eth |awk '/RX bytes/{print $2}' |cut -d: -f2`
#OLD_OUT=`ifconfig $eth |awk '/RX bytes/{print $6}' |cut -d: -f2`
OLD_IN=`ifconfig $eth |awk -F'[: ]+' '/bytes/{if(NR==8)print $4;else if(NR==5)print $6}'`
#CentOS6和CentOS7 ifconfig输出进出流量信息位置不同,CentOS6中RX与TX行号等于8,CentOS7中RX行号是5,TX行号是5,所以就做了个判断.
OLD_OUT=`ifconfig $eth |awk -F'[: ]+' '/bytes/{if(NR==8)print $9;else if(NR==7)print $6}'`
sleep 1
NEW_IN=`ifconfig $eth |awk -F'[: ]+' '/bytes/{if(NR==8)print $4;else if(NR==5)print $6}'`
NEW_OUT=`ifconfig $eth |awk -F'[: ]+' '/bytes/{if(NR==8)print $9;else if(NR==7)print $6}'`
IN=`awk 'BEGIN{printf "%.1fn",'$((${NEW_IN}-${OLD_IN}))'/1024/128}'`
OUT=`awk 'BEGIN{printf "%.1fn",'$((${NEW_OUT}-${OLD_OUT}))'/1024/128}'`
echo "${IN}MB/s ${OUT}MB/s"
i=$(($i+1))
sleep 1
done
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
quit)
exit 0
;;
*)
echo "---------------------------------------"
echo "Please enter the number."
echo "---------------------------------------"
break
;;
esac
done
done

注意:在原来基础上增加了退出选项,同时也更新了一些小bug,以下图片没有显示。

运行效果如下:

# sh show_sys_info.sh

wKiom1XaurSDzLBXAAMdO4UDpdI025.jpg

wKioL1XavNDz2ColAAKfiL9gQcY036.jpg

wKiom1XausWyO2gVAAFAY7EdoqI526.jpg

wKioL1XavOLSOWyMAAC8Xbwvrnc180.jpg

wKiom1XautjQWnVRAAD4ZKO60co516.jpg

wKiom1XauuGijj0hAAFHNT4ntPY686.jpg

wKioL1XavP_w4aoRAAKkhcqRrjA796.jpg

wKiom1XauvSTS6AXAAYZcjwUE-I338.jpg

wKioL1XavRPRRn_lAAEmDF96Tqk993.jpg


如您从本文得到了有价值的信息或帮助,请考虑扫描文末的二维码对我进行赞赏和鼓励。

与《转载 Shell脚本查看linux系统性能瓶颈》相关的博文:


留言

Admin Avatar
😀
😀😁😂😅😭🤭😋😘🤔😰😱🤪💪👍👎🤝🌹👌